Full Size Piano Keyboard – Head To Our Team Next To Uncover More Information..
The term “electronic keyboard” refers to any instrument that produces sound by the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some way, to facilitate the roll-out of that sound. The use of an electronic keyboard to produce music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of these, initially designed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and referred to as hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered through a manual water pump or a natural water source like a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the sole keyboard instrument. It often did not feature a keyboard whatsoever, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance in the clavichord and harpsichord in the 1300’s was accelerated by the standardization from the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys seen in all keyboard instruments these days. The popularity of the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed through the development and widespread adoption from the piano in the 18th century. The weighted piano keyboard was actually a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards since a pianist could vary the amount (or dynamics) in the sound the instrument made by varying the force in which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology in the 18th century was the following essential part of the development of the modern electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was regarded as the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This is shortly accompanied by the “clavecin electrique” invented by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The former instrument was made up of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to enhance their sonic qualities. The later was a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, which were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or the clavecin used electricity as a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an instrument called the “musical telegraph.,” which was, essentially, the very first analog electronic synthesizer. Gray found that he could control sound coming from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and thus invented a simple single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them over a telephone line. Grey went on to include a basic loudspeaker into his later models which was made up of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the following major contributor to the creation of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the very first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the very first vacuum tube instrument, the digital upright piano in 1915. The vacuum tube became an important element of electronic instruments for the following fifty years till the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade from the 1920’s brought a great deal of new electronic instruments onto the scene like the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, as well as the Trautonium.
The next major breakthrough in the background of electronic keyboards arrived in 1935 with the introduction of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the initial electronic instrument competent at producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so till the invention of the Chamberlin Music Maker, as well as the Mellotron within the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin as well as the Mellotron were the very first ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance in the 1940’s using the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). It was a three as well as a half octave instrument made from 1946 until 1948 that came designed with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The increase of music synthesizers inside the 1960’s gave a powerful push towards the evolution from the electronic musical keyboards we have now today. The first synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the creation of synthesizers which were self-contained, portable instruments competent at being utilized in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a built in keyboard, and this instrument further standardized the design of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, like the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, able to producing only one tone at the same time. Several, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones at the same time when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (the creation of multiple simultaneous tones which permit for your playing of chords) qhscvn only obtainable, in the beginning, using electronic organ designs. There were numerous electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the appearance of polyphonic synthesizers such as the Oberheim Four-Voice, and also the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first one to make use of a microprocessor being a controller, as well as allowed all knob settings to be saved in computer memory and recalled by just pushing some control. The Prophet-5’s design soon had become the new standard within the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) as the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to become connected into computers and other devices for input and programming), and also the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in most aspects of digital piano reviews, construction, function, quality of sound, and expense. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are producing a great deal of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and definately will continue to do so well to the foreseeable future.